Splenic rupture

Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Atraumatic or spontaneous splenic rupture is rare, especially when compared to traumatic splenic rupture

Pathology

The pathogenesis of atraumatic splenic rupture is not well understood. Splenomegaly is present in almost all patients (~95%), although rupture of normal spleens (both in size and underlying histology) do occur 3

Aetiology

There are a wide range of underlying causes 1,2:

Radiographic features

Features are similar to splenic trauma with haemoperitoneum and perisplenic haematoma present, although the spleen is more likely to enlarged in atraumatic ruptures 3.

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Article Information

rID: 43036
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Spontaneous splenic rupture
  • Atraumatic splenic rupture
  • Non-traumatic splenic rupture
  • Idiopathic splenic rupture

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1: with haemangioma
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    Case 2
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    Case 3: in dialysis patient
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    Case 4
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