Splenomegaly

Splenomegaly is a term which refers to enlargement of the spleen. The normal adult splenic length upper limit is usually around 12-15 cm.

The causes of splenomegaly are protean, and can be thought of under a number of headings:

  • haematological disease
  • haemodynamic
  • infectious
  • storage diseases/metabolic/infiltrative disorders
  • neoplastic (non-haematologic)
  • traumatic
  • connective tissue disorders
Haematological disease
Haemodynamic
Infection
Storage diseases/metabolic/infiltrative disorders
Neoplastic (non-haematologic)
Trauma
  • haematoma
  • pseduocyst
Connective tissue disorders

* = may cause massive splenomegaly 3

The shape and orientation of a spleen makes accurate linear measurement difficult. On sonographic assessment, a length of 12 cm is generally considered the upper limit of normal.

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Article Information

rID: 6003
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Splenic enlargement
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Enlargement of the spleen

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Cases and Figures

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    Case 1
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    Splenomegaly and ...
    Case 2 : Wilson's disease and cirrhosis
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    Case 3
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    Case 4 : with splenic infarct
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    Splenic Infarctio...
    Case 5 : CML with splenic Infarction
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    Hepatosplenomegal...
    Case 6 : CML with massive splenommegaly
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    Homogeneous splen...
    Case 7 : on ultrasound
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     Case 8 : lymphoma
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    Case 9: myelofibrosis
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    Case 10: on abdominal x-ray
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    Case 11: with Sickle cell disease
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    Case 12: with Leukemia
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    Case 13: Lymphoma: Lugano classification
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    Gaucher splenomeg...
    Case 14 : Gaucher disease
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