Spontaneous splenic rupture

Dr Ammar Haouimi and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Spontaneous splenic rupture (SSR) (or atraumatic splenic rupture) is rare, especially when compared to traumatic splenic rupture


The pathogenesis of atraumatic splenic rupture is not well understood. Splenomegaly is present in almost all patients (~95%), although rupture of normal spleens (both in size and underlying histology) has been reported 3


There is a wide range of underlying causes 1,2:

Radiographic features

Features are similar to splenic trauma with haemoperitoneum and perisplenic haematoma. The spleen is more likely to be enlarged in atraumatic ruptures 3.

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Article information

rID: 43036
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Spontaneous splenic rupture (SSR)
  • Atraumatic splenic rupture (ASR)
  • Non-traumatic splenic rupture
  • Idiopathic splenic rupture

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Cases and figures

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    Figure 1: with haemangioma
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    Case 2
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    Case 3: in dialysis patient
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    Case 4
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    Case 5: spontaneous
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    Case 6: post colonoscopy - splenocolic ligament avulsion
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