Sports injuries: overhead elbow

Last revised by Joachim Feger on 19 Dec 2021

Overhead elbow sports injuries are a group of pathologies seen in sports activities with overhead throwing or strokes, e.g. tennis, volleyball, baseball, javelin throwing. There has been a tremendous increase in the number of participants in these sports activities worldwide.


During the mid-to-late arm swing, tremendous forces are generated over the elbow as the elbow shifts into hyperextension and valgus positioning. Excessive forces tend to affect specific components of the joint:

Elbow injuries commonly associated with overhead sports are as follows:

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