A stoma (plural stomata) is defined as an artificially created connection between two hollow organs or a hollow organ and the skin. A surgical procedure that involves the creation of a stoma carries the suffix "-ostomy".
For a discussion of imaging features and potential complications, please refer to the individual articles below.
Stomas are usually created as the result of a surgical procedure.
Various types of stoma have been described. They may be classified according to the organ systems involved:
- gastrointestinal tract
- urinary tract
- respiratory tract
History and etymology
Derived from the Greek for "mouth".
- 1. Jennie Burch. Stoma Care. (2008) ISBN: 9780470722145