Sturge-Weber syndrome (mnemonic)

Last revised by Joshua Yap on 8 May 2023

Some key findings pertaining to Sturge-Weber syndrome may be recalled using the following mnemonics:


  • 8 Cs


  • S: seizures, sporadic

  • T: tram-track gyriform calcification; trigeminal territory port-wine stain

  • U: unilateral weakness (hemiparesis contralateral to facial nevus)

  • R: retardation

  • G: glaucoma, GNAQ gene

  • E: epilepsy

  • C: calvarial thickening, choroid plexus enlargement

  • A: atrophy of ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere

  • P: pial angiomatosis

  • S: sinus (paranasal) enlargement

8 Cs
  • congested veins in pial angiomatosis 

  • cerebral atrophy

  • cortical tram track calcification

  • cavernous sinus enlargement

  • choroid plexus enlargement

  • calvarial thickening 

  • choroidal hemangioma in the eye 

  • cutaneous port-wine stain 

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