Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Henry Knipe had no recorded disclosures.View Henry Knipe's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Craig Hacking had the following disclosures:
- Philips Australia, Paid speaker at Philips Spectral CT events (ongoing)
These were assessed during peer review and were determined to not be relevant to the changes that were made.View Craig Hacking's current disclosures
The anterior division of the twelfth thoracic nerve, called the subcostal nerve, is larger than the other intercostal nerves. It runs along the lower border of the twelfth rib.
It may give off a communicating branch to the first lumbar nerve and the iliohypogastric nerve.
- 1. Walmsley T. The Costal Musculature. J Anat Physiol. 2007;50 (Pt 2): 165-71. Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Drake RL, Vogl AW, Mitchell AWM. Gray's Anatomy for Students: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2e. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN:0443069522. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon