Superficial peroneal nerve

Last revised by Craig Hacking on 11 Oct 2022

The superficial peroneal nerve, also known as superficial fibular nerve, is one of two terminal branches of the common peroneal nerve.

Summary

Gross anatomy

Origin

Arises as one of two terminal branches of the common peroneal nerve deep to peroneus longus muscle.

Course

Courses anteriorly and inferiorly over the lateral surface of the upper fibula between peroneus longus and brevis muscles. It continues inferiorly on the peroneus brevis and extensor digitorum longus muscles before piercing the deep fascia between one half and two thirds down the length of the leg. Now subcutaneous, it divides into two terminal sensory cutaneous branches above the ankle which descend superficial to the lateral retinaculum of the ankle. 

Branches and supply

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: lower limb nerves (Gray's illustrations)
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  • Figure 1: lower limb nerves (Gray's illustrations)
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  • Figure 3: leg nerves (Gray's illustrations)
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  • Figure 4: foot nerves (Gray's illustrations)
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