Superior mediastinum

Superior mediastinum is an artificially divided wedge-shaped compartment of the mediastinum located between the thoracic plane inferiorly and the thoracic inlet superiorly. The inferior mediastinum, comprising of the anterior, middle and posterior parts, lies inferiorly.

Gross anatomy

  • superiorly: thoracic inlet
  • inferiorly: thoracic plane
  • laterally: mediastinal pleura
  • anteriorly: manubrium of the sternum
  • posteriorly: bodies of upper four thoracic vertebra

Thoracic anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 26652
Systems: Chest, Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1: mediastinal anatomy: Gray's anatomy illustration
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