Sydney D Rowland
Sydney D Rowland (1872-1917), was the founder and editor of the Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy, the first regular journal of radiology to be published anywhere in the world.
Sydney Domville Rowland was born on 29th March 1872.
His undergraduate preclinical studies were at Downing College, University of Cambridge, where he was a Scholar and President of the Natural History Society. In 1895 he transferred to St Bartholomew's Hospital in London for his clinical training, where he was a Shuter Scholar.
World's first radiology journal
On 8th February 1896, the British Medical Journal invited Mr. Rowland, as a "Special Commissioner" to contribute a series of weekly articles on the potential medical applications of Roentgen's rays. From February to June 1896, 13 articles were published, covering novel technical advances, emerging clinical radiography experimentation, and demonstrations of the new technology to the lay populace 4. In some respects this series of articles actually formed the first 'radiology journal' in all but name.
As a 24-year old medical student, Rowland founded the Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy 1. The first issue, published in April or early May 1896, comprised 16 pages with a prefacing editorial, an article by Rowland on the basic methodology of taking a radiograph, or skiagram as he coined it, and six photographic plates of radiographs. Paid advertisements for x-ray equipment appeared on the final page 3.
The journal appeared for a further three issues from 1896 to 1897. For its last (fourth) issue, published in May 1897, the word clinical name was changed to the Archives of Skiagraphy 3.
In the first article of the first issue Sydney Rowland set out in an editorial his hopes for the new discipline "The object of this publication is to put on record in permanent form some of the most striking applications of the New Photography to the needs of Medicine and Surgery" 2.
He qualified with the Conjoint Diploma (the medical qualifying exam in the late 19th century) in April 1897, which gave him the post-nominal letters LRCP and LRCS, and allowed him to use the honorific, Doctor 4. Ironically, Dr Rowland did not become a radiologist, but trained and worked as a microbiologist. He commenced work as an Assistant Bacteriologist at the Lister Institute in 1898.
He was elected to the Council of the Roentgen Society in November 1898.
In 1905 he traveled to India as part of the Plague Commission 4.
At the onset of the First World War he enlisted, joining the Royal Army Medical Corps, and eventually attaining the rank of Major. He was based in France and headed-up a field laboratory. He tragically died on 6th March 1917 from meningitis 1,4.
The Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy was the ultimate forerunner for the BJR (British Journal of Radiology).
- 1. Major Sydney Domville Rowland, R.A.M.C. Born 29th March 1872–Died 6th March 1917. J. Pathol. 1918;21:453–456. doi:10.1002/path.1700210306
- 2. Rowland S. "Preface." Archives of (Clinical) Skiagraphy. 1896;1:3–4. https://doi.org/10.1259/acs.1896.0002
- 3. Bishop PJ. The evolution of the British Journal of Radiology. The British journal of radiology. 46 (550): 833-6. doi:10.1259/0007-1285-46-550-833 - Pubmed
- 4. Edmund H. Burrows. Pioneers and Early Years. (1986)
Related Radiopaedia articles
History of radiology
- key milestones
- 1895: Wilhelm Roentgen detects x-rays
- 1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
- 1896: Sydney Rowland founds the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- 1896: Thomas Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope
- 1898: Marie Curie publishes her paper 'Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds'
- 1913: Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography
- 1927: Egas Moniz develops cerebral angiography
- 1934: Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie artificially produce radioisotopes
- 1936: John Lawrence uses phosphorus-32 to treat leukemia
- 1939: Kitty Clark publishes Clark’s Positioning in Radiography
- 1950s: David Kuhl invents Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
- 1953: Sven-Ivar Seldinger develops his famous technique
- 1957: Ian Donald invents fetal ultrasound
- 1964: Charles Dotter introduces image-guided intervention
- 1965: Benjamin Felson publishes his Principles of Chest Roentgenology
- 1972: Godfrey Hounsfield introduces the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan Cormack)
- 1977: Ray Damadian builds the first commercial MRI scanner
- 2005: Frank Gaillard creates Radiopaedia.org :)
- 2012: inaugural International Day of Radiology
key figures in the history of radiology
- Antoine Henri Becquerel
- Kathleen "Kitty" Clark
- Allan M Cormack
- Marie Curie
- Ray V Damadian
- Ian Donald
- Charles T Dotter
- Thomas A Edison
- Charles Thurstan Holland
- Godfrey N Hounsfield
- Frederick Joliot
- Irene Joliot-Curie
- David E Kuhl
- Paul C Lauterbur
- Peter Mansfield
- Egas Moniz
- Wilhelm C Roentgen
- Sven-Ivar Seldinger
- Albert Soiland
- Florence Stoney
- important figures in the history of radiology
- Nobel Prize winners in radiology
- history of modalities
- plain radiography
- nuclear medicine
- interventional radiology
- history of radiology journals
- history of radiology organizations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- pioneering radiology books