Systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Citation, DOI and article data
The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) refers to a pathophysiological state in patients with a critical non-infectious or infectious illness. It is non-specific and although commonly associated with sepsis can be seen in many life-threatening illnesses.
Two or more of the features below are by definition present 1:
- fever (>38°C) or hypothermia (<36°C)
- heart rate of over 90 beats per minute
- respiratory rate over 20 breaths per minute or an arterial CO2 less than 32 mmHg
- white cell count: >12⨉109 cells/L, <4⨉109 cells/L, or containing >10% band forms
Conditions capable of producing the systemic inflammatory response syndrome include 2:
- serious infection (e.g. cholecystitis, COVID-19)
- abdominal compartment syndrome
- polymer fume fever
History and etymology
The definition of systemic inflammatory response syndrome was agreed during an August 1991 consensus meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), convened at Northbrook, Illinois, the headquarters of the ACCP 1.
- 1. Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, Dellinger RP, Fein AM, Knaus WA, Schein RM, Sibbald WJ. Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee. American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine. (1992) Chest. 101 (6): 1644-55. Pubmed
- 2. Horeczko, Timothy, Green, Jeffrey P, Panacek, Edward A. Epidemiology of the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) in the Emergency Department. (2014) Western Journal of Emergency Medicine: Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health. 15 (3): 329-36. doi:10.5811/westjem.2013.9.18064 - Pubmed