Terminal myelocystocele

Terminal myelocystoceles are an uncommon form of spinal dysraphism representing marked dilatation of the central canal of the spinal cord, herniating posteriorly through a dorsal spinal defect. The result is a skin-covered mass in the lower lumbar region, consisting of an ependyma-lined sac. 

Epidemiology

Terminal myelocystoceles are more common in females 1.

Clinical presentation

Typically a skin covered lower lumbar mass is encountered, with or without neurological deficits 1

Although terminal myelocystoceles are found sporadically as isolated abnormalities, they are also encountered with a number of other congenital malformations, including the OEIS complex (omphalocelebladder exstrophyimperforate anus, and sacral agenesis) 1

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Article Information

rID: 48614
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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