Testicular leukaemia

Dr Dan J Bell and Dr Matt A. Morgan et al.

Testicular leukaemia can be seen in patients during and after acute leukaemia. The blood-testis barrier limits chemotherapy from reaching the testicle, and therefore the testicle can act as a harbor for leukaemic cells.

Clinical presentation

Typically presents with painless testicular enlargement.

Radiographic features


The ultrasound appearance is often similar to testicular lymphoma, but it can have a very wide range of appearances.

  • testicular enlargement
  • unilateral or bilateral
  • focal or diffuse
  • hypoechoic to hyperechoic

Given the non-specific imaging features, clinical history is necessary for a diagnosis.

Share article

Article information

rID: 34718
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Testicular leukemia
  • Testicular leukemias

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.