Testicular leukemia

Testicular leukemia can be seen in patients during and after acute leukemia. The blood-testis barrier limits chemotherapy from reaching the testicle, and therefore the testicle can act as a harbor for leukaemic cells.

Clinical presentation

Typically presents with painless testicular enlargement.

Radiographic features


The ultrasound appearance is often similar to testicular lymphoma, but it can have a vary wide range of appearances.

  • testicular enlargement
  • unilateral or bilateral
  • focal or diffuse
  • hypoechoic to hyperechoic

Given the nonspecific imaging features, clinical history is necessary for a diagnosis.

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Article information

rID: 34718
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Testicular leukaemia
  • Testicular leukaemias

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