Tibial plateau

Assoc Prof Craig Hacking and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The tibial plateau is the proximal articular surface of the tibia.

The tibial plateau is composed of two parts:

  • concave articular surfaces of the oval-shaped medial and circular-shaped lateral tibial condyles (medial and lateral tibial plateaus)
    • the medial tibial plateau is larger, stronger and transmits more weight than the lateral tibial plateau
  • central non-articular intercondylar area
    • site of attachment of menisci and cruciate ligaments

Via the medial and lateral menisci the tibial plateau articulates with the medial and femoral condyles to form the tibiofemoral part of the knee joint

  • the tibial plateau slopes posteroinferiorly 10-15 degrees; thus anterior tibial plateau fractures may be occult on AP projections
Anatomy: Lower limb

Anatomy: Lower limb

Article information

rID: 28729
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Lateral tibial plateau
  • Tibial plateaus
  • Medial tibial plateau

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: proximal tibia (Gray's illustration)
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  • Case 1: tibial plateau fracture
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