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The tibiocalcaneal ligament is located superficial to the deep posterior tibiotalar ligament, posterior to the tibiospring ligament, and anterior to the superficial part of the posterior tibiotalar ligament. It courses almost vertically from the medial tibial malleolus to the posterior sustentaculum calcanei 1,2. The tibiocalcaneal ligament becomes tenser with pronation and dorsiflexion 3.
Proximally the tibiocalcaneal ligament inserts near the intercollicular groove of the medial malleolus.
Depending on the study it was reported to be absent in 21-50% of the cases 1,2.
- 1. Campbell K, Michalski M, Wilson K et al. The Ligament Anatomy of the Deltoid Complex of the Ankle: A Qualitative and Quantitative Anatomical Study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014;96(8):e62. doi:10.2106/JBJS.M.00870 - Pubmed
- 2. Perrich K, Goodwin D, Hecht P, Cheung Y. Ankle Ligaments on MRI: Appearance of Normal and Injured Ligaments. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;193(3):687-95. doi:10.2214/AJR.08.2286 - Pubmed
- 3. Takao M, Ankle Instability Group, Ozeki S et al. Strain Pattern of Each Ligamentous Band of the Superficial Deltoid Ligament: A Cadaver Study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2020;21(1):289. doi:10.1186/s12891-020-03296-0 - Pubmed