Dr Tim Luijkx and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Torticollis (wryneck) is a clinical finding of head tilt with or without rotational spinal malalignment. It is not a diagnosis in itself and there are a wide range of underlying conditions. It is most common in the pediatric age group. 


Torticollis can be acute (<1 week) or chronic (>1 week), and may be congenital or acquired. In chronic torticollis up to 20% may be due to non-muscular conditions (e.g. skeletal abnormalities) 2


There is a wide range of causes of torticollis and the presence of associated symptoms/signs is important in narrowing the possible causes. Below is a non-comprehensive list of the more common causes. 

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Article information

rID: 41179
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Wryneck

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: from Grisel syndrome
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  • Case 2: from cervical adenitis
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