Transverse metaphyseal lines (mnemonic)

Common causes of transverse metaphyseal lines can be remembered using the mnemonic:

  • DENSE LINES
  • PRINCES

Mnemonic

DENSE LINES
  • D: D-vitamin intoxication
  • E: elemental arsenic and heavy metals (lead, bismuth, phosphorus)

  • N: normal variation

  • S: systemic illness

  • E: estrogen to mother during pregnancy

  • L: leukemia

  • I

    • infection (TORCH)

    • idiopathic hypercalcemia

  • N: never forget healed rickets

  • E: early hypothyroidism (cretinism)

  • S

PRINCES
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Article Information

rID: 21388
Section: Mnemonics
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • DENSE LINES

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