Transversus thoracis muscle
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The transversus thoracis is a thin band of muscle and tendon arising from the lower posterior surface of the sternum, posterior edge of the xiphisternum and the costal cartilage of the lowest 3-4 ribs at their sternal end. It diverges supero-laterally to attach by slips to the underside of the 2nd to 6th costal cartilages 1. The transversus thoracis muscle is morphologically identical to the transversus abdominis muscle 2.
The transversus thoracis muscle is an accessory muscle of respiration. It depresses the ribs which supports expiration.
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