Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Yuranga Weerakkody had no recorded disclosures.View Yuranga Weerakkody's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Henry Knipe had no recorded disclosures.View Henry Knipe's current disclosures
A trigger toe (or hallux saltans if it involves the 1st toe) refers to an uncommon situation where active plantar flexion causes the toes to catch in flexion and the patient is then unable to extend them. It can arise from a number of pathologies and if it involves the great (1st) toe a common pathology includes stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus at the fibro-osseous tunnel below the sustentaculum tali. It can be common in ballet dancers. If there is an associated stenosing structure, surgical excision of the stenosing structures is the treatment of choice.
- 1. Lereim P. Trigger toe in classical-ballet dancers. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1986;104 (5): 325-6. Pubmed citation
- 2. Martin MG, Masear VR. Triggering of the lesser toes at a previously undescribed distal pulley system. Foot Ankle Int. 1998;19 (2): 113-7. Pubmed citation
- 3. Newman NM, Fowles JV. A case of "trigger toe". Can J Surg. 1984;27 (4): 378-9. Pubmed citation
- 4. Ozkan K, Goksan B, Ozkan FU et-al. A previously unreported etiology of trigger toe. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2006;96 (4): 356-8. Pubmed citation