Tuberculous encephalopathy

Last revised by Bahman Rasuli on 3 May 2021

Tuberculous (TB) encephalopathy is a rare manifestation of CNS tuberculosis and is exclusively seen in children and infants with pulmonary TB. It is characterized by cerebral edema sometimes with features similar to acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and may manifest with a variety of symptoms ranging from focal neurological deficits to convulsions and decreased conscious state 1. It does not appear to be due to direct infection of the CNS by TB. 

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