Ultrasound of the hip (adult)

Last revised by Andrew Murphy on 23 Mar 2023

There are several approaches to ultrasound examination of the adult hip

  • supine with the hip in mild external rotation
  • prone
  • lateral decubitus
  • 45-degree knee flexion, external rotation (frog-leg position)
  • sagittal oblique and axial planes to assess the adductor muscles, pubic bone and insertion of rectus abdominis muscle

Some studies suggest an effusion of up to 7 mm can be present as part of normal variation 3.

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