Uterine artery

The uterine artery is seen bilaterally and is a branch of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery.

Gross anatomy

Course

It runs medially in the pelvis, within the base of the broad ligament, to the outer surface of the uterus. From lateral to medial it has a descending, transverse and ascending portion. The ascending portion runs alongside the uterus and passes anterior to the ureter.

Branches and supply

Related pathology

With large uterine fibroids, the helicine branches of the uterine artery are stretched and lose their corkscrew appearance (see image).

Uterine artery embolisation is a common endovascular procedure used to treat a variety of conditions, including post-partum haemorrhage and fibroids. Due to the rich collateral supply of the uterus, uterine necrosis from uterine artery embolisation is rare.

Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 5112
Section: Anatomy
Tags: artery, pelvis
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Uterine arteries

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1: diagram: uterine arteries
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    Right uterine art...
    Case 1: angiogram - right uterine artery
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    Case 1: angiogram - stretched uterine artery branches
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