Vascular calcification in breast
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Vascular calcifications in the breast are calcifications associated with blood vessels.
They are most often seen in postmenopausal women with arteriosclerotic heart disease.
- coronary arterial disease: considered an independent risk factor 2,3 (particularly in the 50-59 age group)
- in younger patients, vascular calcifications in the breast are often associated with diabetes mellitus
- chronic renal disease
These visible calcifications result from calcified atherosclerotic plaques in the arterial walls within the breast parenchyma, and are a form of Mönckeberg medial calcific sclerosis.
Vascular calcifications are typically seen as dense, linear, parallel, circuitous or tram-track like calcifications. They are usually not oriented in the direction of the duct towards the nipple-areolar complex.