Vena caval foramen
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The vena caval foramen is one of the three major apertures in the diaphragm. It is the highest of the three and situated at the level of T8-9. It is quadrilateral and placed at the junction of the right and middle leaflets of the central tendon.
It transmits several structures between the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
- inferior vena cava
- branches of the right phrenic nerve
- note: left phrenic nerve directly pierces the dome of the left hemidiaphragm