Ventilator associated pneumonia

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a form of hospital acquired pneumonia (considered the commonest form 3).

It is sometimes defined as as a pneumonia occurring more than 48 hours after patients have been intubated and received mechanical ventilation 5.

It is usually suspected when the patient develops a new or progressive infiltrates on chest radiograph, leukocytosis and/or purulent tracheobronchial secretions whilst being on mechanical ventilation.

It may complicate the course of 8 to 28% of patients receiving mechanical ventilation.

Plain radiograph

Plain film features are non specific and it is impossible to differentiate from other forms of pneumonia and its the clinical setting what's useful here.

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Article Information

rID: 26898
System: Chest
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Ventilator associated pneumonias
  • Ventilator related pneumonia
  • Ventilator related pneumonias
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)

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