Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts are a device used in the treatment of non-obstructive hydrocephalus.
As the name suggests, a catheter is placed in the ventricle, and another catheter travels under the skin to opens into the peritoneal cavity, both the catheters being connected to each other through a valve. It is the most commonly used type of shunt. Other shunts that have been used are:
Recognised complications include 1,2:
- 1. Goeser CD, McLeary MS, Young LW. Diagnostic imaging of ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunctions and complications. Radiographics. 1998;18 (3): 635-51. Radiographics (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 2. Wallace AN, McConathy J, Menias CO et-al. Imaging evaluation of CSF shunts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014;202 (1): 38-53. doi:10.2214/AJR.12.10270 - Pubmed citation