Vertebral vascular foramina are normal findings seen on cross-sectional imaging and should not be mistaken for a fracture, especially in the setting of trauma.
- basivertebral veins (forms Hahn's canal): foramen is seen on the posterior surface of the vertebral body in the midline
- intraosseous nutrient arteries: foramen usually seen anterolaterally
- 1. Rebecca Stein-Wexler, Sandra L. Wootton-Gorges, M. B. Ozonoff. Pediatric Orthopedic Imaging. (2016) ISBN: 9783662508619