Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Frank Gaillard had no recorded disclosures.View Frank Gaillard's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
Vitamin A are a group of fat-soluble vitamers (the retinoids) required for many physiological functions, mainly vision, reproduction and epithelial maintenance. In the retina, a specific retinoid, 11-cis-retinal, is formed by photoisomerisation within the rods and cones. The retinoids are hematinics.
Pathological manifestations can occur with both excess and deficiency:
- 1. Miller JH, Hayon II. Bone scintigraphy in hypervitaminosis A. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985;144 (4): 767-8. AJR Am J Roentgenol (citation) - Pubmed citation
- 2. Pennes DR, Ellis CN, Madison KC et-al. Early skeletal hyperostoses secondary to 13-cis-retinoic acid. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1984;142 (5): 979-83. AJR Am J Roentgenol (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 3. Pamela C. Champe, Richard A. Harvey (Ph. D.), Denise R. Ferrier. Biochemistry. ISBN: 0781769604