Von Willebrand disease
Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is the most common inherited bleeding diathesis (easy bleeding).
Bruising and mucosal bleeding are typical presentations, but there is a spectrum of severity. The more residual vWF a patient has, the less severe the bleeding.
There are multiple different forms of the disease, but the bleeding is most often due to an autosomal dominant disorder in factor VIII, von Willebrand factor (vWF), or both. Lack of the factor leads to decreased platelet activation.
Von Willebrand disease does not have a specific appearance on imaging studies. It can be considered in a setting of unexplained haemorrhage.
One should also take appropriate precaution before considering interventions on patients with this disorder.
History and etymology
It is named after Erik Adolf von Willebrand: Finnish physician and medical professor, who first described this condition in 1926 after studying a family on the Aland islands affected by a bleeding disorder 3. Interestingly he published on the medicinal benefits of the sauna.
- 1. Leebeek FW, Eikenboom JC. Von Willebrand's Disease. The New England journal of medicine. 375 (21): 2067-2080. doi:10.1056/NEJMra1601561 - Pubmed
- 2. Swami A, Kaur V. von Willebrand Disease: A Concise Review and Update for the Practicing Physician. Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis. doi:10.1177/1076029616675969 - Pubmed
- 3. http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/2690.html