Citation, DOI & article data
Whipple triad is the clinical presentation of pancreatic insulinoma and consists of:
- fasting hypoglycemia (<50 mg/dL or <2.7 mmol/L)
- symptoms of hypoglycemia
- immediate relief of symptoms after the administration of intravenous glucose
History and etymology
The triad and also the Whipple procedure were both named after the American surgeon, Allen Oldfather Whipple (1881-1963) 2.
However Whipple disease was named for a different Whipple.
- 1. Gouya H, Vignaux O, Augui J et-al. CT, endoscopic sonography, and a combined protocol for preoperative evaluation of pancreatic insulinomas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003;181 (4): 987-92. AJR Am J Roentgenol (full text) - Pubmed citation
- 2. IN MEMORIAM ALLEN O. WHIPPLE, MD. 1881-1963. (1963) Annals of surgery. 158: 148. Pubmed