White matter changes in HIV

White matter changes in HIV have overlapping appearances and varied in aetiology. These can be divided into:

  • primary effects of HIV
  • opportunistic infection
  • neoplasms
  • vascular disease
  • metabolic and nutritional disorders
Primary effects of HIV
Opportunistic infection
Neoplasms
Vascular disease
  • HIV associated cerebral vasculopathy 2
    • appears similar to cerebral vasculitis, but without the histopathological changes
    • leucoclastic vasculitis of the vasavasorum identified
    • may affect large, medium and small vessels
    • may respond to HAART
Metabolic and nutritional disorders

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Article Information

rID: 4208
Section: Gamuts
Tag: hiv
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • White matter changes with HIV
  • While matter changes associated with HIV

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Cases and Figures

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    Case 1: primary CNS Lymphoma
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    Case 2: HSV encephalitis
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    Case 3: CNS cryptococcus infection
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    Case 4: HIV encephalitis
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    March T2
    Case 5: PML
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