Windowing, also known as gray-level mapping, contrast stretching, histogram modification or contrast enhancement is the process in which the CT image grayscale component of an image is manipulated via the CT numbers; doing this will change the appearance of the picture to highlight particular structures.The brightness of the image is, adjusted via the window width. The contrast is adjusted via the window level.
The window width as the name suggest is the measure of the range of CT numbers that an image contains.
A wider window width (2000), therefore, will display a wider range of CT numbers. Consequently, the transition of dark to light structures will occur over a larger transition area to that of a narrow window width (<1000).
Accordingly, it is important to note, that a significantly wide window displaying all the CT numbers will result in different attenuations between soft tissues to become obscured 1.
Defined as 400-2000 HU best used in areas of acute differing attenuation values, a good example is lungs or cortical tissue, where air and vessels will sit side by side.
Defined as 50-350 HU are excellent when examining areas of similar attenuations, for example, soft tissue.
The window level is the midpoint of the range of the CT numbers displayed.
When the window level is decreased the CT image will be brighter and visa versa.
computed tomography (CT)
- CT technology
- CT image reconstruction
- CT image quality
- CT dose
- CT contrast
- patient-based artifacts
- physics-based artifacts
- hardware-based artifacts
- helical and multichannel artifacts
- windmill artifact
- cone beam effect
- zebra artifact
- stair-step artifact
- CT safety
- history of CT
- 1. Zatz, L.M., 1981. Basic principles of computed tomography scanning. In: T.H. Newton, D.G. Potts, (Eds.), Technical Aspects of Computed Tomography. Mosby, St. Louis, pp. 3853-3876.
- 2. Euclid Seeram. Computed Tomography. ISBN: 9780323312882