X-ray film

Andrew Murphy and Dr Ayush Goel et al.

X-ray film displays the radiographic image and consists of emulsion (single or double) of silver halide (silver bromide (AgBr) is most common) which when exposed to light, produces a silver ion (Ag+) and an electron. The electrons get attached to the sensitivity specks and attract the silver ion. Subsequently, the silver ions attach and clumps of metallic silver (black) are formed 1,2.

The silver can be reclaimed from old x-ray film, in a process known as silver recovery.

  • base: cellulose triacetate or polyester
  • substratum: an adhesive layer containing gelatin and solvents that bind emulsion and base
  • emulsion: silver halide and gelatin, with some hardening agents
  • protective layer: gelatin

The total thickness of the film is about 0.25 mm.

  • screen type films: faster when used with intensifying screen
    • conventional
    • orthochromatic (green sensitive)
  • direct exposure type: used for dental exposures
Imaging technology

Article information

rID: 31492
Tag: refs, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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