X-ray quantity and quality

X-ray photon quantity refers to the number of photons produced during an exposure.

Factors influencing x-ray quantity includes:

  • peak voltage (kVp): beam quantity is approximately proportional to the square of the tube potential
  • generator type/voltage waveform: reducing ripple increases beam quantity
  • beam filtration: increasing filtration reduces beam quantity
  • distance from the beam: inverse square law
  • current (mA): beam quantity is directly proportional to current
  • exposure time (seconds): beam quantity is directly proportional to exposure time
  • anode material: beam quantity is directly proportional to the atomic number (Z) of the anode material

X-ray photons quality relates to the x-ray spectrum changes and the effective photon energy. The effective photon energy is approximately equal to between one third to one half of the maximum photon energy.

Factors influencing x-ray quality include:

  • peak voltage (kVp)
  • voltage waveform: reducing ripple increases quality
  • beam filtration: increasing filtration increases quality through beam hardening
  • anode material: photon energy depends on the binding energies of shells in the anode material
Share article

Article information

rID: 67881
Tag: physics
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.