On Doppler ultrasound, the yin-yang sign indicates bidirectional flow due to the swirling of blood within the true or false aneurysm.
There is no exact correlate for the sign on CT. The patent lumen of the aneurysmal vessel demonstrates contrast enhancement, whereas any low-flow or thrombosed portions may show reduced attenuation.
History and etymology
It is named after the symbol representing the Chinese philosophers' thoughts to describe how opposing forces are interconnected and interdependent.
It has also been likened to the logo for Pepsi®, the well-known cola beverage.
- 1. Lupattelli T. The yin-yang sign. Radiology. 2006;238 (3): 1070-1. doi:10.1148/radiol.2383031884 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Saad NE, Saad WE, Davies MG et-al. Pseudoaneurysms and the role of minimally invasive techniques in their management. Radiographics. 2005;25 Suppl 1 (suppl_1): S173-89. doi:10.1148/rg.25si055503 - Pubmed citation