Radiopaedia Blog : Foamed

I am a great believer in the use of social media in medicine. There really is no better way to bring continuing professional development into your day than by reading a few tweets, sharing some cases and having discussions with colleagues across the world.

If you are like many health professionals I meet, then you are probably intrigued by Twitter but are not quite sure where or how to begin. Well, luckily there is now a great little lecture series to help you flap your fledgling twitter wings!  

Radiologist Dr Jenny Hoang (@JennyKHoang) and pathologist Dr Sara Jiang (@Sara_Jiang) recently presented a Duke Medicine grand round exploring the use of Twitter in Medicine. Their three lectures are packed full of great tips. Take a look and I hope to meet some of you on Twitter soon. 

Dr Andrew Dixon (@DrAndrewDixon)   

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The concept of 'free open access medical education' or #FOAMed emerged several years ago in the world of social media. It is mechanism by which individuals, websites and organizations can act as a community to share and engage with free open access medical education material. Recently a group of radiologists and radiology trainees on twitter have applied this concept directly to radiology with the creation of #FOAMrad, standing for 'free open access radiology education'.

What #FOAMrad is and isn't

#FOAMrad is the sharing and discussion of free open access radiology education material using the online world of social media and blogs. It is not owned by any individual or company, it is merely a concept and a community. #FOAMrad is not a mechanism for the illegal sharing of copyrighted material. It should only be used to share openly accessible information and should respect copyright and creative commons licences where applicable. #FOAMrad should not be used to promote 'for-profit' ventures.

Founders of #FOAMrad

The following person insists upon being listed as one of the founders of #FOAMrad:

The following people are more humble about their founding role in #FOAMrad:

What is @FOAMrad?    

A group of radiologists have created the twitter handle @FOAMrad to help facilitate the promotion and use of #FOAMrad on twitter. Currently the @FOAMrad account retweets cases from radiologists using the hashtags #Rad2B and #RadBasics:

  • #Rad2B: these cases are designed for registrars and residents about to sit board level exams ie. US boards, FRCR part 2B, FRANZCR part 2, etc
  • #RadBasics: these cases are for beginners ie. medical students, non-radiology doctors, physiotherapists, radiology technologists, nurses, etc
How to get involved

As this is a community and a concept you are free to get involved in any way you like. You can join the existing events on twitter by following the hashtags #FOAMrad, #Rad2B and #RadBasics, and by following the @FOAMrad team. If you want to create your own #FOAMrad tweets with a new subgroup hashtag then you are most welcome. 

I'm a radiologist, can i use @FOAMrad?

If you are a radiologist and would like to share cases and have them retweeted by @FOAMrad then please do the following;

  • start your tweet with "CASE:"
  • always tag the tweet with "@FOAMrad"
  • add a hashtag to indicate your target audience, eg "#Rad2B" or "#RadBasics"
  • tag a few people who you want to engage with
  • if using a photo/image it can be more efficient use of characters to tag people in the photo rather than in the tweet itself
  • once the discussion is ended, reply to your original tweet with the answer using the same format as the original case ie. "ANSWER: Hydronephrosis. Read more here: link #RadBasics @FOAMrad"
  • always use free open access sources for the answer link; avoid information that is behind a log-in or pay wall

The @FOAMrad team will endeavor to retweet all high quality "CASE" and "ANSWER" tweets by radiologists that meet this format. If a radiologist is consistently meeting this standard then it is possible for them to be given access to the @FOAMrad account to make the process more efficient.   


Dr Andrew Dixon is a Radiologist at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. He is social media editor for, and among other things, has founded the successful Radiology Signs project on FacebookTumblr and Twitter and the Radiology Channel on YouTube.  

NB: Opinions expressed are those of the author alone, and are not those of his employer, or of


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