Acute necrotizing encephalopathy


These CT and MRI imaging features were in favor of acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood.

Nasopharyngeal aspirate of this patient was positive of respiratory Influenza A and B.

Acute necrotizing encephalitis of childhood is a rare encephalopathy where viral etiology has been proposed in some cases. Intracranial hemorrhage and cavitation are associated with worse prognosis.