What is testicular atrophy?
The shrinking or reduction in size or volume of the testis.
What are some of the major causes of testicular atrophy?
-Chronic orchitis. -Cryptorchidism. -Torsion. - Ethanol abuse. - Certain drugs eg. testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). - Age. - Steroids use. -Genetic factors.
What is the medical term for the surgical procedure that moves an undescended testis back into the scrotum?
-Orchidopexy. - Orchiopexy. - Undescended testicular repair.
What is Fowler Stephens?
Surgical technique that involves clipping and transecting the testicular vessels.
How many stages are the fowler stephens?
Two: 1st and 2nd stage.
Both testicles are within the scrotal sac. There is unilateral left-sided testicular atrophy measuring 0.1 ml in volume with subtly reduced color flow signals on color/ power Doppler imaging. The right counterpart testis is well encapsulated and is compensatorily larger measuring 17 ml in volume albeit with unremarkable parenchymal echo/vascular pattern. Serpiginous vascular structures (varices) are noted bilaterally along the pampiniform plexi.