Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Citation, DOI and case data
Non specific abdominal pain. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed aortic aneurysm.
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Fusiform aneurysmal dilatation of the infra-renal abdominal aorta that does not involve the iliac arteries. Mural thrombus is noted not affecting the major branches. Accessory renal artery is noted bilaterally. No signs of aortic rupture. Osteoporotic changes of patient vertebral column are noted.
Atherosclerosis usually causes fusiform aneurysm due to focal weakening of the aortic wall that involves the whole circumference. Complication of aneurysm include rupture, thrombosis and dissection. Aneurysms require surgical intervention if its caliber exceeds 6 cm or is associated with complications. Otherwise endovascular graft/stent is the best option.
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