Acute aortic dissection: Stanford type A

Case contributed by Dr. Giovanni Rinaldi

Presentation

Male, 61 years old, with systemic arterial hypertension. In ED for acute thoracic pain. Blood pressure 90/60 at both upper arms, bradycardia. At physical examination, no pulsating abdominal masses. Thoracic and abdominal CT with requested.

Patient Data

Age: 61
Gender: Male
Modality: CT

Computed tomography angiography of whole aorta was performed.

Intimal flap was identified from aortic valvolar plane to external iliac arteries, with true lumen and false lumen equally opacified by contrast medium in arterial phase.

Small haematoma surrounding thoracic ascending aorta was seen.

Epiaortic arteries wasn't involed; celiac trunk, superior mesentery artery originate from true lumen.

Right renal artery originates from true lumen and it is involved by intimal flap in its proximal tract, with normal renal perfusion.

Left renal artery originates from false lumen with left renal hypoperfusion.

Case Discussion

Case of acute aortic dissection (Type A Stanford classification)

Aortic dissection is an emergency setting, commonly seen in ED.

Computed tomography is the diagnostic modality of choice for its wide availability, rapid execution and interpretation.

This patient was referred for urgent cardiothoracic surgery.

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Case Information

rID: 40661
Case created: 29th Oct 2015
Last edited: 4th Dec 2015
Systems: Vascular, Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Excluded

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