Acute appendicitis with appendicolith

Case contributed by Dr J. Ray Ballinger

Presentation

Abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for two days. White Blood Cell count: 16,000

Patient Data

Age: 11 years
Gender: Female
Modality: CT
An appendicolith is identified in the proximal appendix with a fluid-filled distal appendix and free fluid in the cul-de-sac. A thickened and enhancing wall to the appendix is noted. The diameter exceeds 1 cm and there is stranding in the adjacent fat.

Case Discussion

The peak incidence of acute appendicitis is in the late childhood and adolescence. Clinical findings include generalized abdominal pain that later localized to the right lower quadrant, fever, loss of appetite and nausea. CT findings may include an enlarged appendix >7 mm diameter; an appendicolith; a thick, enhancing appendiceal wall; deformity or thickening of the apex of the cecum and stranding in the adjacent mesenteric fat. Peritoneal fluid may also be seen.

In children, ultrasound for diagnosis avoids ionizing radiation that is more problematic than in adults. Many sites in the US lack the skill or interest in using ultrasound for diagnosis of appendicitis.

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Case Information

rID: 23662
Case created: 1st Jul 2013
Last edited: 19th Feb 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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