Acute haemorrhage into a renal cyst in polycystic disease: MRI findings

Case contributed by Dr Chris O'Donnell

Presentation

Recurrent episodes of left flank pain in a patient with polycystic kidney disease. Not certain if due to haemorrhage into a cyst or mass effect of the cysts. Several cysts are hyperdense on CT ? blood

Patient Data

Age: 65
Gender: Male

Typical findings of polycystic disease with enlarged cystic kidneys.  Note multiple hyperdense cysts on the left including the antero-medial kidney (arrow), suspicious of haemorrhage.

MRI

MRI to assist in interpretation of CT findings

Confirmed blood in antero-medial left kidney based on morphology and signal characteristics on T1 and T2 as well as lack of enhancement.

Case Discussion

It can be very difficult to determine if a hyperdense cyst in polycystic disease contains blood or proteinaceous fluid based on the CT findings.   MRI is better able to differentiate the two. Blood in this case has a morphological pattern of a peripheral bright T1 (low signal T2) rim indicative of intracellular methaemoglobin and large core of predominately T1 and T2 hypointensity indicative of deoxyhaemoglobin.  This is not typical of a uniform fluid-filled structure ie cyst.  Note there are adjacent cysts containing clear fluid ie low T1 and high T2 signal and proteinaceous fluid ie high T1 and low T2.

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Case information

rID: 41702
Case created: 15th Dec 2015
Last edited: 13th Jun 2017
System: Urogenital
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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