Anaplastic astroblastoma

Case contributed by Dr Ernest Lekgabe

Presentation

Presented with headache and vomiting. Previously fit and well with no relevant medical history.

Patient Data

Age: 30
Gender: Female
MRI

29 mm markedly T2 hypointense avidly enhancing lesion expanding cerebrocortex and involving the right precentral and inferior frontal gyrus laterally, and with marked diffusion restriction. The lesion is mostly solid with small cystic components peripherally.

There is a focus of elevated cerebral blood volume (CBV) within the enhancing component.

Extensive surrounding white matter T2 hyperintensity. Associated mass-effect causes partial effacement of the right lateral ventricle and midline shift of 5 mm to the left. No obstructive hydrocephalus. No transtentorial herniation.

Pathology

MACROSCOPY

The cut surface shows a homogeneous white rubbery appearance. No necrosis or haemorrhage are seen.

 

MICROSCOPY:

Sections show fragments of a well-circumscribed moderately hypercellular glioma. Focally tumour cells form papillae and perivascular rosettes with central hyalinised blood vessels. Tumour cells contain pale eosinophilic cytoplasm, oval nuclei with granular chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli. Tumour cells demonstrate predominantly mild nuclear and cellular pleomorphism. Focally tumour cells show anaplastic features with enlarged, hyperchromatic nuclei and increased mitotic activity (up to 6/10hpf). No microvascular proliferation or pallisaded tumour necrosis are seen.

 

Immunohistochemistry results show tumour cells stain: GFAP Positive Nestin Positive (high) NogoA Negative IDH-1 R132H Negative (not mutated) ATRX Positive (not mutated) EMA Positive (perinuclear dot-like) CD99 Positive NeuN Negative Synaptophysin Negative CyclinD1 Positive STAT6 Negative CD20 Negative Topoisomerase labelling index: Approximately 15-20%. Comment: The histological and immunohistochemical features are considered most consistent with Astroblastoma.

The elevated mitotic count and high proliferation index both fulfill anaplastic criteria.

 

Case Discussion

DIAGNOSIS:

Anaplastic Astroblastoma

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Case information

rID: 55666
Case created: 20th Sep 2017
Last edited: 6th Oct 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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