Andersson and Romanus lesions
Citation, DOI and case data
Chronic low back pain. Known inflammatory spondyloarthropathy.
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The MRI sequences demonstrate:
hemispherical shape lesions involving the central portion of both vertebral halves and discs mainly of T10-T11, T11-T12, and L1-L2; they elicit high signal on T2/STIR and a low signal on T1 and with enhancement on postcontrast sequences in keeping with Andersson lesions
lesions of the anterior vertebral edges of L1 and L3 eliciting a low signal on T1, high signal on T2 and STIR with enhancement in keeping with active Romanus lesions
Andersson lesion, also known as rheumatic spondylodiscitis, is defined as an inflammatory non-infectious condition involving the intervertebral discs by spondyloarthritis. It occurs in about 8% of patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
Romanus lesion is considered as an early finding in inflammatory spondyloarthropathies, such as ankylosing spondylitis and enteropathic arthritis, seen as irregularity and erosion involving the anterior and posterior edges of the vertebral endplates.