Apical 4 chamber view - normal (transthoracic echocardiography)

Case contributed by David Carroll

Presentation

Asymptomatic patient.

Patient Data

Age: 30 years
Gender: Male

Images obtained with a phased array transducer in the left fifth intercostal space, with the probe marker corresponding to the patient's left. Of note, the apical 4 chamber view should not include the pulmonary veins as depicted above, indicating that the transducer should have been fanned caudally.

Abbreviations: LA (left atrium), RA (right atrium), IAS (interatrial septum), MV (mitral valve), TV (tricuspid valve), MVAL (mitral valve anterior leaflet), MVPL (mitral valve, posterior leaflet), LV (left ventricle), IVS (interventricular septum), TVAL (tricuspid valve anterior leaflet) TVSL (tricuspid valve septal leaflet) RSPV (right superior pulmonic vein) LIPV (left inferior pulmonic vein)

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