Apical lung herniation

Case contributed by Muhammad Shoyab


Fever, cough, runny nose

Patient Data

Age: 6 months
Gender: Female

X-Ray Chest A/P (Supine) View


Apex of right lung is protruded above level of manubriosternal joint.

Inhomogeneous haziness over upper zones of both lung fields, as well as middle zone of right lung field.

Mediastinal part of trachea deviated towards right; cervical part deviated towards left.

Case Discussion

Apical lung herniation in children is perhaps due to disproportionate growth of the ribcage, and often presents early, then gradually resolves with the baby's growth. Lung herniation by itself remains asymptomatic, unless complicated by secondary factors like external injury, or compression upon neck structures.

How to use cases

You can use Radiopaedia cases in a variety of ways to help you learn and teach.

Creating your own cases is easy.