Appendicitis

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard

Presentation

Lower abdominal pain.

Patient Data

Age: 25
Gender: Male
Modality: CT

The appendix measures 15 mm in diameter with moderate surrounding fat stranding and prominent regional lymph nodes. No rim enhancing collection. No localised or free peritoneal gas. No peritoneal free fluid.

The liver, spleen, pancreas, adrenals, kidneys, stomach, small bowel and colon are unremarkable. Lung bases are clear. No suspicious osseous lesions.

Conclusion:

Findings are compatible with acute appendicitis. No evidence of complications arising from this.

Case Discussion

Typical appearances of acute appendicitis. The patient went on to have a laparoscopic appendicectomy.

Histology

MACROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION: "Appendix": An appendix 90x12mm with attached mesoappendix up to 9mm thick. The serosa is covered in a fibropurulent exudate, the appendiceal wall is up to 3mm thick and the mucosa is friable. 

MICROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION: Sections show appendix which has acute inflammation extending through the appendiceal wall with focal areas of necrosis. No evidence of malignancy is seen.

DIAGNOSIS: Appendix: Acute gangrenous appendicitis.

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Case Information

rID: 29017
Case created: 27th Apr 2014
Last edited: 15th May 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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