Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease

Case contributed by Dr Mostafa El-Feky

Presentation

Ultrasound was requested for assessment of pyelonephritis. Normal renal function tests.

Patient Data

Age: 7 months
Gender: Female

Both kidneys are of normal site, size and shape. They show increased parenchymal echo-pattern with decreased cortico-medullary differentiation. No stones or masses. No pelvicalyceal dilatation bilaterally.

The right kidney averages 6.5 x 2.6 cm (Length x TS) with a parenchymal thickness of 1 cm.

The left kidney averages 7 x 3.2 cm (Length x TS) with a parenchymal thickness of 1.2 cm.

Diffuse bilateral renal tiny parenchymal cysts, largest averages 3 mm with increased parenchymal echopattern, suggestive of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.

Minimal bilateral perirenal collections, related to the lower pole of both kidneys, more on the right side, that raise the possibility of associated bilateral renal pyelonephritis.

The liver is average in size (7.2 cm in MCL) with mild fibrotic changes. The spleen is of average size. The gallbladder is normal.

Case Discussion

Ultrasound demonstrates typical imaging features of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease. The kidneys appear echogenic likely due to the posterior acoustic enhancement of the tiny interstitial cystic changes with preserved reniform shape. The liver shows mild fibrotic changes. Bilateral mild perirenal fluid collections raise the possibility of associated pyelonephritis.

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Case information

rID: 74877
Published: 13th Mar 2020
Last edited: 13th Mar 2020
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included
Institution: Dar El Ashaa Center