Avascular necrosis of the femoral heads

Case contributed by Dr Prashant Mudgal

Presentation

Pain in bilateral hip, stiffness and restricted movements.

Patient Data

Age: 30 years
Gender: Female
Modality: X-ray

There is bilateral joint space reduction, articular margins are irregular with subchondral patchy sclerosis and osteopenia imaging features are suggestive of bilateral stage II avascular necrosis of femoral head.

Case Discussion

Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a pathologic process that results from interruption of blood supply to the bone. Etiopathogenesis is poorly understood, but this process is the final common pathway of traumatic or nontraumatic factors that compromise circulation of the femoral head. Femoral head ischemia results in the death of marrow and osteocytes and usually results in the collapse of the necrotic segment ultimately.

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Case Information

rID: 26272
Case created: 10th Dec 2013
Last edited: 12th Dec 2015
Tag: pm
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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